Dull-looking skin is caused by a lack of exfoliation – while our bodies are able to do this naturally, the process slows down the more skin ages. Peels are treatments designed to aid the exfoliation process in order to help you have clear, youthful skin that glows from within. It can be done either through mechanical exfoliation or chemical peels.
Mechanical exfoliation can be done with various tools and ingredients and will physically remove dead skin cells from the surface layer. Brushes, sponges, and other handheld tools can be used for this purpose. A textured natural ingredient such as oatmeal can also be used as an exfoliator. There are also many facial scrubs and cleansers especially formulated to rid your face of dead skin. Professional mechanical exfoliation can include dermabrasion and microdermabrasion.
In dermabrasion, a rotating tool is used to remove the skin’s outermost layers in order to reveal a new skin layer underneath. This process is done with anesthesia in order to minimize pain and discomfort, but you should be able to return to your daily activities immediately following the procedure.
In microdermabrasion, the outer skin layers are also exfoliated and removed, but with the use of fine crystals or a diamond tip that can buff and polish the skin. The process is non-chemical and non-invasive, and reveals younger, healthier skin while stimulating the growth of collagen and elastin. This process is also much gentler than dermabrasion.
Chemical exfoliation is done by applying a number of chemicals to the surface of the skin. Certain procedures will dry the surface layer so that it can be peeled off easily, while other treatments like Obagi exfoliates without peeling. Chemical peels are specially formulated to target specific skin concerns and will produce improvements in skin tone and texture.